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Childhood Headaches

26 August 2021

Childhood Headaches

Headache is one of the most common complaints in daily life. Headache, which has various causes, can sometimes be seen due to a disease and sometimes for no reason. It would not be wrong to say that there are 3 main causes of headache. Headache without being associated with a disease occurs as migraine, tension-type and cluster-type headaches. Headaches that occur as a symptom of the disease may manifest as a symptom of various neurological diseases.

Complications caused by external blows to the head region and eye and dental diseases in the head region may cause discomfort to the person with the symptom of headache. This type of pain is defined as secondary pain. Diseases such as sinusitis and meningitis, which are frequently seen in the secondary pain group, are also causes.

What are the Causes of Headache in Children?

It is very difficult to determine the cause of headache in childhood. Parents get concerned about headache complaints that occur in childhood. For headaches that affect the child's daily life, the very first step to taken is checkup. Migraine, which causes headaches in adults, can actually start in childhood, but the diagnosis is made in adulthood.

We can say that the most common causes of headache in children are caused by viral or bacterial infections. Headaches due to infectious diseases disappear after detection and treatment of diseases. The most common type of headache in children are migraine and tension-type pain. Tension-type and migraine pains are generally described as severe pain in the front of the children's head. However, it should be considered that the pain seen in the back of the head of children may have different and important causes and a doctor should be consulted without wasting time.

Migraine in Children

Migraine in children is seen differently from the features it shows in adulthood. Shorter and more frequent attacks of pain are generally described as throbbing on both sides of the forehead. This pressure and throbbing sensation may be accompanied by nausea, discomfort from light and sound, and even vomiting. Children's headaches may not be taken seriously by adults from time to time, and as a result, the child may tend to sleep frequently or display an aggressive attitude.

While it is stated that children are statistically more common with migraine in school age boys, the rate of migraine in adolescence is higher in girls. Migraine-induced headaches occur in children, as in adults, with symptoms that vary from person to person, such as nausea and tension before the pain. Apart from these symptoms, which can also be seen in adults, it is natural to see variations in the duration of pain intensity in children.

Childhood Headaches

What Can Be Done for Headaches in Children?

If the headache seen in children is caused by an infectious disease, the drugs to be used for the disease will prevent the headache. It is also possible to prevent headaches due to sinusitis with medications. If the pain is caused by migraine, besides the use of medication, there a few simple points to be aware of. For example, when experiencing migraine pain, some sweet foods such as chocolate and cola should be avoided, and the child should be prevented from looking at computers with light screens such as tablets. Apart from this, not listening to excessively loud music and not watching loud television next to the child will help to overcome the pain with less complaints.

Childhood Headaches

What Can Families Do for Children Experiencing Headaches?

Families should monitor the severity and frequency of headaches in children. During the school period, the child's human relations, academic success, and emotional state may trigger tension-type headaches. Observing children in daily life without intervening will be very useful in terms of both determining the cause and applying appropriate treatment, as well as medically detecting pain.

In the observations for the detection of headache, the psychological state of the child appears as one of the factors that must be followed by the family. Children spend most of their day at school for education. Although the situation may differ slightly during the pandemic period, it should not be forgotten that the cooperation of the family and the teacher is very important in determining the causes of the headache, without ignoring the time spent by the child at school.